In the area of justice, offences are considered to come under the authority. This ensures the courts are the responsibility in some parts of the world for such offences. Jurisdiction is divided into two tiers at the most simple division: state level and federal level. Have a look at this site.
States normally have authority over any offences taking place within the state. It could involve rape, theft, trespassing, and other acts that offend federal and state criminal laws. Many offences fall under both federal and state law, which ensures that the cases can be held in federal or local courts.
Any particular offences are called federal offenses while they exist in certain jurisdictions. Such activities are called offenses against the federal government, which can involve bribery, government collusion, illicit recruitment of humans, and other activities that endanger the federal government.
Certain offences that might have shared authority as described above can are strictly federal offenses based on the severity of the offence. Sources of this include large incidents of embezzlement, financial theft and narcotics offences.
For certain instances, federal offenses are deemed more serious than state offences as they threaten more individuals, or involve more citizens. If a prisoner is accused of a federal offense, he or she might be spending time in a federal prison as opposed to a state prison.
Federal offences may bear serious sentences and those who perform them still face decades or even live in prison. In addition to the extreme fines an person can be required to serve such sentences.